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Exp Neurol. 2008 Dec;214(2):247-52. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2008.08.011. Epub 2008 Sep 4.

Perivascular cells increase expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor following partial denervation of the rat neurohypophysis.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of North Dakota, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203, USA.

Abstract

The expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) was investigated immunocytochemically during the axonal degeneration and collateral axonal sprouting response that follows partial denervation of the rat neurohypophysis. A significant increase in the number of CNTF-immunoreactive (CNTF-ir) cells was observed in the neurohypophysis of partially denervated animals compared to age-matched sham-operated controls by 5 days post-denervation, remaining elevated throughout the 30 day post-denervation period. Stereometric assessment of the numbers of CNTF-ir cells within the partially denervated neurohypophysis demonstrated a 36% increase by 3 days following denervation reaching 130% of control values by 10 days post-lesion. The cell numbers remained elevated throughout the 30 day post-lesion period suggesting that CNTF may play a role in the neurosecretory axonal sprouting process known to occur between 10 and 30 days post-denervation. Subsequent preparations pairing anti-CNTF with antibodies against ED1, CR3, p75 low affinity neurotrophin receptor (p75(LNGFR)), and S100beta, demonstrated that CNTF was exclusively localized in a phenotypically-distinct population of perivascular cells. The association of perivascular cells with phagocytic activity was confirmed by dual-label fluorescence microscopy showing the colocalization of P75(LNGFR)-ir and OX-42-ir in cells expressing the ED-1 antigen. No increase in CNTF-ir was observed in non-injured animals in which heightened levels of neurosecretory activity were induced physiologically. These results suggest that increased CNTF-ir occurs in response to conditions which induce high levels of phagocytic activity by perivascular cells in the axotomized neurohypophysis which is sustained throughout a period in which axonal sprouting is known to occur in the partially denervated neurohypophysis.

PMID:
18805412
PMCID:
PMC2998289
DOI:
10.1016/j.expneurol.2008.08.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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