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Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2009 Jul;212(4):347-68. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2008.08.002. Epub 2008 Sep 19.

Mycotoxins and child health: the need for health risk assessment.

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Department of Child Health, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.


The occurrences of mycotoxins as food contaminants in different localities particularly in developing countries and the inevitable exposure of populations and children to these toxins with probable adverse outcomes need be scientifically and systematically assessed. Health risk assessment developed in the 1980s is separate from risk management, both with risk communication form the risk analysis framework adopted by the World Health Organization. The process contributes increasingly to policy development, public health decision making, the establishment of mycotoxin regulations and research planning. However, the exercise of the risk assessment structured approach is not simple and is faced up to lack of data, capable infrastructure facilities and need for trained personnel and resources. Furthermore, adopted methodologies need be developed focusing on child characteristics and health concerns.

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