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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2008 Oct;14(10):1125-33. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.07.008.

Megadose CD34(+) cell grafts improve recovery of T cell engraftment but not B cell immunity in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency disease undergoing haplocompatible nonmyeloablative transplantation.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant, University of California San Francisco Children's Hospital, San Francisco, CA, USA.


To determine whether T cell engraftment and recovery of B cell immunity could be improved, we prospectively treated 15 children with severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) with megadoses of haplocompatible CD34(+) cells and a fixed number of CD3(+) cells without previous myeloablative chemotherapy. Evidence of T cell engraftment was seen in 73% of patients (95% confidence interval [CI] = 48%-90%). Engraftment was more likely in patients with X-linked SCID and in those with evidence of maternal engraftment at the time of diagnosis. In patients with T cell engraftment, the median time to development of a CD4 count > 200 cells/mm(3) and a phytohemagglutinin response > 50% of control was 1.2 and 4.9 months, respectively. Clearance of preexisting infections occurred after a median of 2.8 months. B cell function developed in 33% of engrafted patients (95% CI = 14%-61%). The 1-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was 60% (95% CI = 36%-80%), and the overall survival (OS) rate was 87% (95% CI = 61%-98%), with a median follow-up of 39 months. The use of megadoses of CD34(+) cells with a fixed number of CD3(+) cells in nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with SCID is associated with excellent engraftment, T cell recovery, and OS; however, B cell function does not recover in most patients.

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