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J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008 Sep;18(9):555-8. doi: 09.2008/JCPSP.555558.

Maternal and neonatal complications in term breech delivered vaginally.

Author information

1
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Employee's Social Security Institute, Gadoon, NWFP. dr_saminajadoon@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the maternal and neonatal complications in terms of genital tract trauma to mother, perinatal mortality, Apgar score at 5 minutes and neonatal trauma in all singleton term breech cases delivered vaginally.

STUDY DESIGN:

Case series.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY:

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta, from May 2005 to March 2006.

METHODOLOGY:

A 100 consecutive patients with singleton breech presentation, whether booked or unbooked, were admitted and delivered vaginally in hospital during the study period. They were studied for maternal and neonatal complications. Maternal complication included any genital tract trauma during delivery while neonatal complications were perinatal mortality, low Apgar score (less than eight at 5 minutes) and birth trauma.

RESULTS:

There were a total 3977 deliveries during this study period, 145 breech presentation (incidence 3.6%). Out of those, 100 were included in the study. All were unbooked cases, 87% were multigravida while 13% were primigravida. An Apgar score of eight was recorded in 87% babies while 10% had an Apgar score of less than eight after 5 minutes. There were 3 still births and one neonatal death. Aggregated perinatal mortality rate was 40/1000 live births. Only one baby had birth trauma (Erb's paralysis) during vaginal breech delivery. Ninety seven (97%) mothers had no complications while only 3 (3%) had complications. Out of these, one had cervical tear and 2 had vaginal tears.

CONCLUSION:

Offering a trial of vaginal breech delivery to strictly selected and well-counselled patients remains an appropriate option without compromising perinatal and maternal outcome. It also decreases the rate of operative delivery for this malpresentation.

PMID:
18803893
DOI:
09.2008/JCPSP.555558
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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