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Endocrinology. 2009 Jan;150(1):56-62. doi: 10.1210/en.2008-1137. Epub 2008 Sep 18.

Acute dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibition rapidly enhances insulin-mediated suppression of endogenous glucose production in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Toronto,Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Pharmacological approaches that enhance incretin action for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus have recently been developed, i.e. injectable glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists with prolonged plasma half-lives and orally available inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4, the main enzyme responsible for the rapid degradation of circulating glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide. The mechanism(s) underlying the glucose-lowering effect of these two pharmacotherapies differs and is not yet fully understood. Here we investigated whether acute GLP-1R activation (exendin-4) or DPP-4 inhibition (des-F-sitagliptin) modulates insulin action in mice using a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. A single iv bolus of des-F-sitagliptin (11 mg/kg) was administered to mice 15 min after the start of the clamp, and its effect was compared with a 50-ng bolus of exendin-4 or the same volume of saline. Despite matched levels of plasma glucose and insulin, within 15 min the glucose infusion rate required to maintain euglycemia was significantly greater after des-F-sitagliptin compared with saline or exendin-4. This difference was entirely due to enhancement of insulin-mediated suppression of endogenous glucose production by des-F-sitagliptin, with no difference in glucose disposal rate. These findings illustrate that DPP-4 inhibition modulates glucose homeostasis through pathways distinct from those used by GLP-1R agonists in mice.

PMID:
18801896
DOI:
10.1210/en.2008-1137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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