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Blood Press Monit. 2008 Oct;13(5):291-4. doi: 10.1097/MBP.0b013e3283057ae4.

Reproducibility of systemic hemodynamics in stable chronic hemodialysis: a pilot study.

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Renal Section, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA.



Hemodynamic measurements are important in the understanding of hemodialysis (HD) hypertension and intradialytic hypotension. The reproducibility of hemodynamic measurements in HD patients is not known and is the objective of this report.


We enrolled 13 male patients (mean age 63+/-13 years) on stable chronic HD. Blood pressure (BP) and hemodynamic variables were obtained with a pulse dynamic technology device. Measurements were taken before and after HD, in the supine and standing positions over a 2-week period.


Ranges for the average intraindividual standard deviation for each hemodynamic variable before and after HD in both supine and standing positions were: 8.3-14.5 mmHg for oscillometric systolic BP; 4.1-10.7 mmHg for oscillometric diastolic BP; 10.7-14.5 mmHg for manual systolic BP; 5.4-8.8 mmHg for manual diastolic BP; 131.4-188.9 mmHg/s for left ventricular dP/dtmax; 0.17-0.27 L/min/m for cardiac index; 142.4-222.6 dynes/s/cm for systemic vascular resistance; 0.59-1.13%/mmHg for brachial artery distensibility; and 0.09-0.15 ml/mmHg for systemic vascular compliance. Repeated measures analysis of variance results showed no significant variability in measures. Intraclass correlation coefficient ranges were 0.58-0.72 for oscillometric systolic BP, 0.46-0.83 for oscillometric diastolic BP, 0.41-0.62 for manual systolic BP, 0.57-0.84 for manual diastolic BP, 0.10-0.78 for left ventricular dP/dtmax, 0.63-0.84 for cardiac index, 0.47-0.80 for systemic vascular resistance, 0.40-0.84 for brachial artery distensibility, and 0.62-0.88 for systemic vascular compliance. No correlation was observed between interdialytic weight gain and hemodynamic variability.


In this pilot study, hemodynamic variables have acceptable reproducibility in chronic stable HD patients. Our results are relevant to the use of hemodynamic monitoring in HD practice and research.

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