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Trends Cogn Sci. 2008 Nov;12(11):418-24. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.005.

Response inhibition in the stop-signal paradigm.

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1
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. frederick.verbruggen@ugent.be

Abstract

Response inhibition is a hallmark of executive control. The concept refers to the suppression of actions that are no longer required or that are inappropriate, which supports flexible and goal-directed behavior in ever-changing environments. The stop-signal paradigm is most suitable for the study of response inhibition in a laboratory setting. The paradigm has become increasingly popular in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and psychopathology. We review recent findings in the stop-signal literature with the specific aim of demonstrating how each of these different fields contributes to a better understanding of the processes involved in inhibiting a response and monitoring stopping performance, and more generally, discovering how behavior is controlled.

PMID:
18799345
PMCID:
PMC2709177
DOI:
10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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