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Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2008 Feb;76(2):88-96.

[Condom effectiveness to prevent sexually transmitted diseases].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de ginecologĂ­a de la infancia y la adolescencia, Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, MĂ©xico. egayonvera@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sexual transmitted diseases (included HIV/AIDS) are a common and preventable cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. When used consistently and correctly, condoms are effective to prevent these diseases, however, its protection does not account for 100%.

OBJECTIVE:

To know the effectiveness of male condom, through bibliographic evidence, to prevent sexual transmitted infections in heterosexual serodiscordant partners.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A bibliographical review of Medline/Pubmed, LILACS and Cochrane databases, and publications of the National Health Institutes, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, World Health Organization, and WHO AIDS Global Program was done to analyze male condom effectiveness to prevent sexual transmitted diseases.

RESULTS:

Reports demonstrated that male condom protection against HIV/AIDS in heterosexual serodiscordant partners goes from 60 to 95%. Most recent information (2006) showed 80%. Two studies demonstrated no HPV protection with male condom, and another one 70% of protection. Male condom demonstrated no HPV-1 protection, but decrease of risk in HVS-2 transmission in women (0.85 of protection).

CONCLUSION:

Male condom protection against sexual transmitted diseases is not 100%. There must be used additional measures that have demonstrated its utility to decrease transmission risk.

PMID:
18798401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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