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Angiogenesis. 2008;11(4):347-60. doi: 10.1007/s10456-008-9116-2. Epub 2008 Sep 17.

A role for planar cell polarity signaling in angiogenesis.

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1
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, Kline Biology Tower, P.O. Box 208103, New Haven, CT 06520-8103, USA.

Abstract

The planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway is a highly conserved signaling cascade that coordinates both epithelial and axonal morphogenic movements during development. Angiogenesis also involves the growth and migration of polarized cells, although the mechanisms underlying their intercellular communication are poorly understood. Here, using cell culture assays, we demonstrate that inhibition of PCP signaling disrupts endothelial cell growth, polarity, and migration, all of which can be rescued through downstream activation of this pathway by expression of either Daam-1, Diversin or Inversin. Silencing of either Dvl2 or Prickle suppressed endothelial cell proliferation. Moreover, loss of p53 rescues endothelial cell growth arrest but not the migration inhibition caused by PCP disruption. In addition, we show that the zebrafish Wnt5 mutant (pipetail (ppt)), which has impaired PCP signaling, displays vascular developmental defects. These findings reveal a potential role for PCP signaling in the coordinated assembly of endothelial cells into vascular structures and have important implications for vascular remodeling in development and disease.

PMID:
18798004
PMCID:
PMC3547076
DOI:
10.1007/s10456-008-9116-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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