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Eur J Cancer. 2008 Nov;44(17):2608-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2008.08.005. Epub 2008 Sep 14.

Renal protection with magnesium subcarbonate and magnesium sulphate in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer after cisplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy: a randomised phase II study.

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1
Department of Oncology, Military Institute of The Health Services, Warsaw, Poland. lubo@esculap.pl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of magnesium supplementation on nephrotoxicity accompanying standard cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised study was conducted in which study arm magnesium sulphate (5 g) was administered before each course of standard chemotherapy with paclitaxel (135 mg/m(2)/24 h) plus cisplatin (75 mg/m(2)) every 3 weeks in patients with EOC. Magnesium subcarbonate (500 mg), three times per day orally, was administered during the treatment intervals. The control arm was administered a placebo instead of both magnesium salts. Magnesium serum levels (sMg) and GFR markers: serum levels of creatinine (sCr), Cockroft-Gault (ClCG) and Modification Diet of Renal Disease (MDRD) formulae were recorded before each cycle, and 3 weeks after the sixth course.

RESULTS:

41 EOC patients were randomised and 40 were eligible. sMg varied significantly between the supplemented and placebo groups (p<0.0001). The control group showed a significantly greater decrease of GFR assessed by: sCr (p=0.0069), ClCG (p=0.0077) and MDRD (p=0.032) formulae compared with the magnesium supplemented group.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate the nephroprotective effect of magnesium supplementation during chemotherapy with cisplatin.

PMID:
18796350
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejca.2008.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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