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J Clin Oncol. 2008 Dec 1;26(34):5589-95. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.16.7254. Epub 2008 Sep 15.

EGFR mutations predict survival benefit from gefitinib in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma: a historical comparison of patients treated before and after gefitinib approval in Japan.

Author information

1
Division of Internal Medicine, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study evaluated whether the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations is a predictive marker for survival benefit from gefitinib and/or a prognostic marker in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Overall survival (OS) was compared between patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma who began first-line systemic therapy before and after gefitinib approval in Japan (January 1999 to July 2001 and July 2002 to December 2004, respectively). Deletional mutations in exon 19 or the L858R mutation in exon 21 of EGFR were evaluated using high-resolution melting analysis.

RESULTS:

EGFR mutations were detected in 136 (41%) of the 330 patients included in this study. OS was significantly longer among the EGFR-mutant patients treated after gefitinib approval compared with the OS of patients treated before gefitinib approval (median survival time [MST], 27.2 v 13.6 months, respectively; P < .001), whereas no significant survival improvement was observed in patients without EGFR mutations (MST, 13.2 v 10.4 months, respectively; P = .13). A significant interaction between the presence of EGFR mutations and a survival improvement was seen (P = .045). Among patients treated before gefitinib approval, those with EGFR mutations lived longer than those without EGFR mutations (MST, 13.6 v 10.4 months, respectively; P = .034). The response rates to first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy were not significantly different between patients with and without EGFR mutations (31% v 28%, respectively; P = .50).

CONCLUSION:

EGFR mutations significantly predict both a survival benefit from gefitinib and a favorable prognosis in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.

PMID:
18794545
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2008.16.7254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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