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Eur J Biochem. 1991 Aug 15;200(1):43-51.

Purification and properties of F420- and NADP(+)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases of Methanogenium liminatans and Methanobacterium palustre, specific for secondary alcohols.

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1
Abteilung Mikrobielle Biotechnologie, Universit├Ąt Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

The F420-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) of Methanogenium liminatans and the NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Methanobacterium palustre were purified to homogeneity. The native F420-dependent ADH of Mg. liminatans had a molecular mass of 150 kDa and consisted of four (presumably identical) subunits with a mass of 39 kDa. The temperature optimum was 42 degrees C, the optimum pH 6.0 and NaCl or KCl were inhibitory. The NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Mb. palustre had a molecular mass of 175 kDa and consisted also of four (presumably identical) subunits with a mass of 44 kDa. The temperature optimum was 60 degrees C, the optimum pH 8.0 and optimal activity was observed in the presence of 500 mM NaCl or KCl. The ADHs of both organisms catalysed the oxidation of various secondary and cyclic alcohols to the corresponding ketones and the reverse reaction. No primary alcohols were apparently oxidized. The NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Mb. palustre contained 4-8 mol atoms zinc/mol enzyme and was inhibited by low concentrations of iodoacetate and 4-hydroxymercuribenzoate, whereas the F420-dependent ADH of Mg. liminatans presumably contained no zinc ions and was inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline or high concentrations (e.g. 100 microM) of 4-hydroxymercuribenzoate. Polyclonal antibodies against the NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Mb. palustre precipitated only the homologous ADH. A precipitation of the NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Methanocorpusculum parvum required a 10-fold higher antibody concentration, showing at least a distant relationship of both ADHs. Antibodies against the NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Mcp. parvum, however, formed precipitates with the homologous ADH of Mcp. parvum and with the NADP(+)-dependent ADH of Mb. palustre. They also formed precipitates with the ADH of Thermoanaerobium brockii, which is not related to methane bacteria. Antibodies against the F420-dependent ADH of Mg. liminatans reacted only with the homologous enzyme and did not form precipitates with NADP(+)-dependent ADHs. No immunological relation of the NADP(+)- or F420-dependent ADHs of methanogens with ADH of yeast or horse liver was found. In accordance with the immunological data, the N-terminal amino acid sequences of the NADP(+)-dependent ADHs of Mb. palustre and Mcp. parvum had a high degree of similarity, whereas the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the ADH of Mg. liminatans revealed no similarity with the two NADP(+)-dependent enzymes.

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