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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2008 Sep;37(3):493-509, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2008.06.003.

Pelvic floor anatomy and applied physiology.

Author information

1
Pelvic Floor Function and Disorder Group, Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, GI-111D, San Diego VA Health Care Center, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, CA 92161, USA.

Abstract

Pelvic floor muscles have two major functions: they provide support or act as a floor for the abdominal viscera including the rectum; and they provide a constrictor or continence mechanism to the urethral, anal, and vaginal orifices (in females). This article discusses the relevance of pelvic floor to the anal opening and closure function, and discusses new findings with regards to the role of these muscles in the vaginal and urethra closure mechanisms.

PMID:
18793993
PMCID:
PMC2617789
DOI:
10.1016/j.gtc.2008.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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