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J Small Anim Pract. 2008 Dec;49(12):610-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2008.00609.x. Epub 2008 Sep 12.

Periodontal disease in research beagle dogs--an epidemiological study.

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1
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, Copenhagen University, 16 Dyrlaegevej, DK - 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate the prevalence and describe the extent and severity of periodontal disease and associated periodontal parameters in beagle dogs.

METHODS:

A full-mouth, site-specific examination was performed in 98 beagle dogs. Focus was placed on clinical attachment loss, pocket depth and bleeding on probing.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of clinical attachment loss greater than equal to 1 mm was 20 per cent in the one-year-old dogs, increasing to 84 per cent of the dogs aged more than three years. The number of sites affected with clinical attachment loss greater than equal to 1 mm showed a skewed distribution. The prevalence of clinical attachment loss greater than equal to 4 mm was only seven per cent. A probing pocket depth of 4+ mm was observed in 44 to 81 per cent of the dogs, depending on age. Also, the distribution of the number of deepened pockets/dog was skewed. The teeth most prone to clinical attachment loss greater than equal to 1 mm were the P2, the P3 and the P4 of the maxilla. The teeth most prone to pocket depth greater than equal to 4 mm were the maxillary canines.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Periodontal disease in terms of clinical attachment loss greater than equal to 1 mm and pocket depth greater than equal to 4 mm is common in beagle dogs, but the major disease burden is carried by only a few dogs. The prevalence increases with increased age but is high already at the age of two years.

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