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Biochem Soc Trans. 2008 Oct;36(Pt 5):955-8. doi: 10.1042/BST0360955.

Saturated and unsaturated (including arachidonic acid) non-esterified fatty acid modulation of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells.

Author information

1
UCD School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science, UCD Conway Institute, UCD Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Abstract

Both stimulatory and detrimental effects of NEFAs (non-esterified fatty acids) on pancreatic beta-cells have been recognized. Acute exposure of the pancreatic beta-cell to high glucose concentrations and/or saturated NEFAs results in a substantial increase in insulin release, whereas chronic exposure results in desensitization and suppression of secretion followed by induction of apoptosis. Some unsaturated NEFAs also promote insulin release acutely, but they are less toxic to beta-cells during chronic exposure and can even exert positive protective effects. In the present review, we focus on exogenous and endogenous effects of NEFAs, including the polyunsaturated fatty acid, arachidonic acid (or its metabolites generated from cyclo-oxygenase activity), on beta-cell metabolism, and have explored the outcomes with respect to beta-cell insulin secretion.

PMID:
18793168
DOI:
10.1042/BST0360955
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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