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Dev Psychol. 2008 Sep;44(5):1214-24. doi: 10.1037/a0013215.

Development of perceptual completion originates in information acquisition.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. sjohnson@psych.ucla.edu

Abstract

Adults have little difficulty perceiving objects as complete despite occlusion, but newborn infants perceive moving partly occluded objects solely in terms of visible surfaces. The developmental mechanisms leading to perceptual completion have never been adequately explained. Here, the authors examine the potential contributions of oculomotor behavior and motion sensitivity to perceptual completion performance in individual infants. Young infants were presented with a center-occluded rod, moving back and forth against a textured background, to assess perceptual completion. Infants also participated in tasks to assess oculomotor scanning patterns and motion direction discrimination. Individual differences in perceptual completion performance were strongly correlated with scanning patterns but were unrelated to motion direction discrimination. The authors present a new model of development of perceptual completion that posits a critical role for targeted visual scanning, an early developing oculomotor action system.

PMID:
18793055
PMCID:
PMC2562345
DOI:
10.1037/a0013215
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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