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J Adhes Dent. 2008 Aug;10(4):307-14.

Totally bonded ceramic inlays and onlays after eight years.

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Medical Center Carl Gustav Carus, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany.



The aim of the present study was to clinically evaluate the effect of two different adhesive/resin composite combinations for luting IPS Empress inlays with a special focus on luting gap wear and marginal adaptation.


In the course of a controlled prospective clinical split-mouth study, 94 IPS Empress restorations were placed in 31 patients. The inlays were luted with EBS Multi + Compolute (EC; 3M ESPE) or with Syntac + Variolink II low (SV; Ivoclar Vivadent). At baseline and after 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 years, the ceramic restorations were examined according to modified USPHS codes and criteria. Thirty-five selected samples were investigated under an SEM regarding morphological changes; marginal quality analysis was carried out using a stereo light microscope, and luting composite wear was scanned with a profilometer.


Eight patients (including 25 restorations) missed the recalls; the recall rate at the last investigation was 72%. After 96 months of clinical service, seven restorations in five patients (six EC, one SV) had to be replaced due to hypersensitivities (n = 5) or inlay fractures (n = 2) resulting in a survival rate of 90%. Over the 8-year period, the restorations revealed no statistically significant differences in terms of surface roughness, color matching, proximal contact, sensitivity, or complaints (p > 0.05, Friedman test). Significant deteriorations were found for marginal integrity (p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed for the different luting systems (p = 0.096, Log rank test/ Mantel Cox). Marginal analysis revealed no statistical difference among the materials (p > 0.05; Mann-Whitney U-test), however, the scans of the luting gap showed that Compolute was more prone to wear (p < 0.05).


For luting of ceramic inlays, no difference between the two luting systems was detectable. The overall failure rate after 8 years was 10%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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