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Mol Cancer Ther. 2008 Sep;7(9):2758-67. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0251.

Metastasis is strongly reduced by the matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor Galardin in the MMTV-PymT transgenic breast cancer model.

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1
Finsen Laboratory, Rigshospitalet 3735, Copenhagen Biocenter, Ole Maaløes Vej 5, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have several roles that influence cancer progression and dissemination. However, low molecular weight metalloproteinase inhibitors (MPI) have not yet been tested in transgenic/spontaneous metastasis models. We have tested Galardin/GM6001, a potent MPI that reacts with most MMPs, in the MMTV-PymT transgenic breast cancer model. We followed a cohort of 81 MMTV-PymT transgenic mice that received Galardin, placebo, or no treatment. Galardin treatment was started at age 6 weeks with 100 mg/kg/d, and all mice were killed at age 13.5 weeks. Galardin treatment significantly reduced primary tumor growth. Final tumor burden in Galardin-treated mice was 1.69 cm3 compared with 3.29 cm3 in placebo-treated mice (t test, P = 0.0014). We quantified the total lung metastasis volume in the same cohort of mice. The median metastasis volume was 0.003 mm(3) in Galardin-treated mice compared with 0.56 mm(3) in placebo-treated mice (t test, P < 0.0001). Thus, metastasis burden was reduced more than 100-fold, whereas primary tumor size was reduced only 2-fold. We also found that primary tumors from Galardin-treated mice exhibited a lower histopathologic tumor grade, increased collagen deposition, and increased MMP-2 activity. MMPs are known to have tumor-promoting and tumor-inhibitory effects, and several clinical trials of broad-spectrum MPIs have failed to show promising effects. The very potent antimetastatic effect of Galardin in the MMTV-PymT model does, however, show that it may be possible to find broad-spectrum MPIs with favorable inhibition profiles, or perhaps combinations of monospecific MPIs, for future clinical application.

PMID:
18790756
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0251
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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