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Anal Chim Acta. 2008 Sep 26;626(2):180-5. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2008.08.003. Epub 2008 Aug 19.

Quantitative detection of tetracycline residues in honey by a simple sensitive immunoassay.

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Department of Chemistry, Seoul Women's University, Seoul 139-774, Republic of Korea.


Tetracyclines (TCs) are widely used for prevention and control of infectious diseases and have a great activity against variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Due to the widespread use of TCs in animal husbandry, it can lead to an increase the risk of TCs remaining in human food. To protect consumers, many countries have set acceptable tolerance levels for these drugs. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a suitable analytical technique with specificity, sensitivity and simplicity. The biotin-avidin mediated ELISA method was performed to determine TC residues in honey quantitatively. By using PBS-EDTA assay buffer at pH 7.2, a honey solution of TC standard was prepared and diluted. And no additional pre-treatment of sample was required in this method. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation of the optimized method were 3.98 x 10(-10)M (0.19 mugL(-1)) and 7.94 x 10(-10)M (0.38 mugL(-1)), respectively, and the dynamic range was from 1.52 mugL(-1) to 152 mugL(-1) of TC in honey. No cross-reactivity was observed with the structurally similar compounds, and mean percent recoveries of TC spiked in honey ranged from 95% to 101%. Compared to other methods, this method was superior in terms of detection limit, dynamic range, and % recovery with simple sample-preparation.

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