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Kardiologiia. 2008;48(8):4-8.

[Gamma-glytamiltransferase activity and cardiovascular diseases (ischemic heart disease and cerebral stroke)].

[Article in Russian]



To investigate association between gamma-glytamiltransferase levels and the development of CVD. The data were taken from materials of the epidemiological study " Determinants of cardiovascular disease in Eastern Europe " , the HAPPIE project. We investigated representative samples from non-organized population of men and women 45 - 69 years old living in Novosibirsk - 9361 subjects (4275 men and 5086 women). The program of study included: questionnaire of previous CVD, smoking status and alcohol consumption; two blood pressure measurements; anthropometry, biochemical analysis (gamma-glytamiltransferase, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides) and rest ECG. Among all subjects we distinguished three groups: first - patients with diagnosed ischemic heart disease (angina pectoris or myocardial infarction) and without previous cerebral stroke; second - patients with previous cerebral stroke (without ischemic heart disease); third - patients without previous ischemic heart disease and cerebral stroke (control group). We revealed reliable data on sex-dependent difference of gamma-glytamiltransferase activity: men have higher gamma-glytamiltransferase activity compared with women in all age groups. Subjects who didn t take alcoholic drinks during the last year have noticeably lower gamma-glytamiltransferase level than those who took alcoholic drinks during that period. Gamma-glytamiltransferase activity was higher both in men and women in group with ischemic heart disease, than in control group. We did not reveal difference in gamma-glytamiltransferase activity between groups with cerebral stroke and control group. The similar patterns were revealed in subjects who didn't take alcoholic drinks during the last year.

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