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PLoS Pathog. 2008 Sep 12;4(9):e1000156. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000156.

BSE case associated with prion protein gene mutation.

Author information

1
National Animal Disease Center, United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Ames, Iowa, United States of America. jricht@vet.k-state.edu

Abstract

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of cattle and was first detected in 1986 in the United Kingdom. It is the most likely cause of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans. The origin of BSE remains an enigma. Here we report an H-type BSE case associated with the novel mutation E211K within the prion protein gene (Prnp). Sequence analysis revealed that the animal with H-type BSE was heterozygous at Prnp nucleotides 631 through 633. An identical pathogenic mutation at the homologous codon position (E200K) in the human Prnp has been described as the most common cause of genetic CJD. This finding represents the first report of a confirmed case of BSE with a potential pathogenic mutation within the bovine Prnp gene. A recent epidemiological study revealed that the K211 allele was not detected in 6062 cattle from commercial beef processing plants and 42 cattle breeds, indicating an extremely low prevalence of the E211K variant (less than 1 in 2000) in cattle.

PMID:
18787697
PMCID:
PMC2525843
DOI:
10.1371/journal.ppat.1000156
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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