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Arch Dis Child. 2009 Apr;94(4):308-10. doi: 10.1136/adc.2008.146845. Epub 2008 Sep 11.

Sleep problems in a Down syndrome population.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of sleep problems in children with Down syndrome.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

A community prevalence study in a child population of 100 000 in England.

PARTICIPANTS:

58 children with Down syndrome aged to 0.65-17.9 years (mean 8.6 years).

INTERVENTIONS:

Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Compared to published data for typically developing populations, children with Down syndrome were reported to have significantly greater bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, night waking, parasomnias, sleep disordered breathing and day-time sleepiness. Amongst children 4 years and older, 66% rarely fell asleep in their own beds, 55% were always restless during sleep and 40% usually woke at least once during the night. Importantly, 78% seemed tired during the day at least 2 days per week, suggesting inadequate sleep.

CONCLUSIONS:

Parents report universal sleep problems in school aged children with Down syndrome. Paediatricians should routinely enquire about sleep behaviour in these children.

PMID:
18786953
DOI:
10.1136/adc.2008.146845
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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