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Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Oct;47 Suppl 5:v10-1. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/ken276.

Intracellular tyrosine kinases as novel targets for anti-fibrotic therapy in systemic sclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine 3, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany. joerg.distler@uk-erlangen.de

Abstract

Tissue fibrosis is a major cause of death in SSc, but therapies that target selectively fibrosis are not yet available for routine clinical use. Recent pre-clinical studies suggest that selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors that target c-Abl, PDGF receptor or Src kinases might be promising targets for anti-fibrotic approaches. Dual inhibition of c-Abl and PDGF receptor by imatinib and nilotinib, and inhibition of Src kinases either selectively by SU6656 or in combination with c-Abl and PDGF by dasatinib exerted potent anti-fibrotic effects. Imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib and SU6656 reduced dose-dependently the synthesis of extracellular matrix protein in human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and prevented fibrosis in the mouse model of bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis. Clinical data from patients with chronic myelogenous leukaemia suggest that imatinib, nilotinib and dasatinib are well tolerated. Based on the promising pre-clinical data, imatinib is currently evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of fibrosis in SSc and trials with other tyrosine kinase inhibitors are in preparation.

PMID:
18784126
DOI:
10.1093/rheumatology/ken276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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