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Langmuir. 2008 Oct 7;24(19):10575-8. doi: 10.1021/la802120n. Epub 2008 Sep 11.

Dynamic investigation of gold nanocrystal assembly using in situ grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering.

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  • 1Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of New Mexico/NSF Center for Micro-Engineered Materials, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA.


Here we investigate the dynamic self-assembly pathway of ordered gold nanocrystal arrays during the self-assembly of gold nanocrystal micelles, with and without the presence of colloidal silica precursors, using grazing-incidence X-ray scattering performed at a synchrotron source. With silica precursors present, a lattice with rhombohedral symmetry is formed from the partial collapse of a face-centered cubic structure. In the absence of silica, a transient body-centered orthorhombic phase appears, which rapidly collapses into a glassy nanocrystal film. The appearance of face-centered and body-centered structures is consistent with a phase diagram for charged colloidal particles with assembly modulated via Coulomb screening.

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