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J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 7;283(45):31107-15. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M803332200. Epub 2008 Sep 9.

Targeting of hFis1 to peroxisomes is mediated by Pex19p.

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Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugal.


The processes of peroxisome formation and proliferation are still a matter of debate. We have previously shown that peroxisomes share some components of their division machinery with mitochondria. hFis1, a tail-anchored membrane protein, regulates the membrane fission of both organelles by DLP1/Drp1 recruitment, but nothing is known about the mechanisms of the dual targeting of hFis1. Here we demonstrate for the first time that peroxisomal targeting of hFis1 depends on Pex19p, a peroxisomal membrane protein import factor. hFis1/Pex19p binding was demonstrated by expression and co-immunoprecipitation studies. Using mutated versions of hFis1 an essential binding region for Pex19p was located within the last 26 C-terminal amino acids of hFis1, which are required for proper targeting to both mitochondria and peroxisomes. The basic amino acids in the very C terminus are not essential for Pex19p binding and peroxisomal targeting, but are instead required for mitochondrial targeting. Silencing of Pex19p by small interference RNA reduced the targeting of hFis1 to peroxisomes, but not to mitochondria. In contrast, overexpression of Pex19p alone was not sufficient to shift the targeting of hFis1 to peroxisomes. Our findings indicate that targeting of hFis1 to peroxisomes and mitochondria are independent events and support a direct, Pex19p-dependent targeting of peroxisomal tail-anchored proteins.

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