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Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2008 Oct;18(5):426-34. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2008.07.018. Epub 2008 Sep 7.

PGC-1 coactivators and skeletal muscle adaptations in health and disease.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. zarany@bidmc.harvard.edu

Abstract

Skeletal muscle adapts to physiological demands by altering a number of programs of gene expression, including those driving mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis, and fiber composition. Recently, the PGC-1 transcriptional coactivators have emerged as key players in the regulation of these adaptations. Many signaling cascades important in muscle physiology impinge directly on PGC-1 expression or activity. In turn, the PGC-1s powerfully activate many of the programs of muscle adaptation. These findings have implications for our understanding of muscle responses to physiological conditions like exercise, as well as in pathological conditions such as cachexia, dystrophy, and peripheral vascular disease.

PMID:
18782618
PMCID:
PMC2629557
DOI:
10.1016/j.gde.2008.07.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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