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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2008 Oct;28(10):623-9. doi: 10.1089/jir.2007.0116.

Peg-interferon alpha-2a versus Peg-interferon alpha-2b in nonresponders with HCV active chronic hepatitis: a pilot study.

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  • 1Clinic of Infectious Diseases, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy. g.scotto@medicina.unifg.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The efficacy and tolerability of Peg-Interferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFNalpha-2a) versus Peg-Interferon alpha-2b (Peg-IFNalpha-2b) were compared in a patient cohort with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related active chronic hepatitis, unresponsive to previous antiviral treatment with standard IFN (6 MU three times/week) plus ribavirin (10.6 mg/kg/day) for a period of at least 3 months.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 143 patients were enrolled and randomized into two treatment groups (A-B). Group A (71 patients) received one vial of Peg-IFNalpha-2a weekly (180 microg) subcutaneously whereas Group B (72 patients) received 1.5 microg/kg of Peg-IFNalpha-2b weekly subcutaneously. Interferon was combined with ribavirin (15 mg/kg/day) in both groups and all patients who demonstrated nondetectable HCV-RNA or a >or=2(log) reduction in viral load at week 12, were treated for 48 weeks, with a 24-week follow up.

RESULTS:

Group A (10/71) and Group B (8/72) patients discontinued treatment due to severe side effects. At the end of therapy, HCV-RNA was undetectable in 17/71 (23.9%) Group A and in 19/72 (26.4%) of Group B patients. When terminating follow up, a sustained virological response was observed in 14/71 in Group A (19.7%) and 13/72 in Group B (18.0%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Within the limits of the relatively small sample size, Peg-IFNalpha-2a and Peg-IFNalpha-2b demonstrated nonstatistically significant differences in effectiveness in patients nonresponsive to previous antiviral treatment.

PMID:
18778199
DOI:
10.1089/jir.2007.0116
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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