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Fertil Steril. 2008 Nov;90(5):1973-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.06.074. Epub 2008 Sep 6.

Efficiency and pregnancy outcome of serial intrauterine device-guided hysteroscopic adhesiolysis of intrauterine synechiae.

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1
Centrum Clinic, Ankara, Turkey. rpabuccu@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To highlight the efficiency of intrauterine device (IUD) guidance during hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for severe intrauterine adhesions.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized trial.

SETTING:

Private tertiary and referral infertility clinic.

PATIENT(S):

Seventy-one subfertile patients who underwent hysteroscopic treatment of intrauterine synechiae or adhesions.

INTERVENTION(S):

Thirty-six women in group 1 were initially examined by laparoscopy-hysteroscopy at first look, and an IUD was inserted during hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. The adhesions were further lysed by the guidance of IUD during the second-look office hysteroscopy, 1 week later. Patients were prescribed 2 months of estrogen as well as P therapy, and the IUD was removed by the end of this period. The uterine cavity was evaluated, and adhesions were further lysed by a third-look office hysteroscopy, 1 week after the removal of IUD. Thirty-five women in group 2 were similarly examined by first-look office hysteroscopy, and an IUD was inserted during hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. These patients did not undergo early intervention of office hysteroscopy, 1 week after the first procedure. They also used 2 months of estrogen and P therapy. The IUD was removed by the end of this period, and the uterine cavity was evaluated and adhesions were further lysed during a second-look office hysteroscopy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Pregnancy rate and live birth rate.

RESULT(S):

Spontaneous pregnancy rates after treatment were 17/36 (47.2%) and 11/35 (30%), and live birth rates were 10/36 (28%) and 7/35 (20%) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. These differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION(S):

The method described especially for early intervention may prevent complications during the treatment of severe intrauterine adhesions and may present a secure and effective alternative for constructive clinical outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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