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Opt Express. 2008 Sep 1;16(18):13663-75.

Measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of tightly focused ultrashort pulses with sub-micron spatial resolution.

Author information

1
Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Physics, 837 State St NW, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. PamBowlan@gatech.edu

Abstract

We demonstrate a powerful and practical spectral interferometer with near-field scanning microscopy (NSOM) probes for measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of tightly focused ultrashort pulses with high spatial and spectral resolution. Our measurements involved numerical apertures as high as 0.44 and yielded the spatiotemporal field at and around the foci produced by two microscope objectives and several different lenses. For the first time, we measure the spatiotemporal field of the Bessel-like X-shaped pulse caused by spherical aberrations and a "fore-runner pulse" due to chromatic aberrations. We observed spatial features smaller than 1 microm and verified these results with non-paraxial simulations.

PMID:
18772978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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