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Genome. 2008 Sep;51(9):739-48. doi: 10.1139/G08-060.

Y-specific sequences and polymorphisms in rainbow trout and Chinook salmon.

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School of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4236, USA.


Improved methods for genetically sexing salmonids and for characterization of Y-chromosome homologies between species can contribute to understanding the evolution of sex chromosomes and sex-determining mechanisms. In this study we have explored 12.5 kb of Y-chromosome-specific sequence flanking the previously described OtY2 locus in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and 21 kb of homologous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Y-chromosome-specific sequence. This is the first confirmed Y-specific sequence for rainbow trout. New Y-specific markers are described for Chinook salmon (OtY3) and rainbow trout (OmyY1), which are readily detected by PCR assays and are advantageous because they also produce autosomal control amplification products. Additionally, AFLP analysis of Chinook salmon yielded another potential Y-chromosome marker. These descriptions will facilitate genotypic sexing and should be useful for population studies of Y-chromosome polymorphisms and for future studies to characterize what appears to be a common sex-determining mechanism between these species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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