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Genome. 2008 Sep;51(9):705-13. doi: 10.1139/G08-048.

Characterization and chromosomal organization of satellite DNA sequences in Picea abies.

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Dipartimento di Biologia Cellulare e Ambientale, Sezione di Biologia Cellulare e Molecolare, Universita di Perugia, Via Elce di Sotto, 06123 Perugia, Italy.


Three clones containing satellite DNA sequences were selected from a randomly sheared genomic DNA library of Picea abies (clones PAF1, PAG004P22F (2F), and PAG004E03C (3C)). PAF1 contained 7 repeats that were 37-55 bp in length and had 68.9%-91.9% nucleotide sequence similarity. Two 2F repeats were 305-306 bp in length and had 83% sequence similarity. Two 3C repeats were 193-226 bp in length and had a sequence similarity of 78.6%. The copy number per 1C DNA of PAF1, 2F, and 3C repeats was 2.7 x 10(6), 2.9 x 10(5), and 2.9 x 10(4), respectively. In situ hybridization showed centromeric localization of these sequences in two chromosome pairs with PAF1, all pairs but one with 2F, and three pairs with 3C. Moreover, PAF1 sequences hybridized at secondary constrictions in six pairs, while 2F-related sequences were found at these chromosome regions only in four pairs. These hybridization patterns allow all chromosome pairs to be distinguished. PAF1-related repeats were contained in the intergenic spacer (IGS) of ribosomal cistrons in all six nucleolar organizers of the complement, while sequences related to 2F were found on only one side of the rDNA arrays in four pairs, showing structural diversity between rDNA regions of different chromosomes.

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