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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 9;105(36):13544-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0800041105. Epub 2008 Sep 3.

Inhibition of the mTORC1 pathway suppresses intestinal polyp formation and reduces mortality in ApcDelta716 mice.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Konoé-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Abstract

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth via mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), whose activation has been implicated in many human cancers. However, mTORC1's status in gastrointestinal tumors has not been characterized thoroughly. We have found that the mTORC1 pathway is activated with increased expression of the mTOR protein in intestinal polyps of the Apc(Delta716) heterozygous mutant mouse, a model for human familial adenomatous polyposis. An 8-week treatment with RAD001 (everolimus) suppressed the mTORC1 activity in these polyps and inhibited proliferation of the adenoma cells as well as tumor angiogenesis, which significantly reduced not only the number of polyps but also their size. beta-Catenin knockdown in the colon cancer cell lines reduced the mTOR level and thereby inhibited the mTORC1 signaling. These results suggest that the Wnt signaling contributes to mTORC1 activation through the increased level of mTOR and that the activation plays important roles in the intestinal polyp formation and growth. Indeed, long-term RAD001 treatment significantly reduced mortality of the Apc(Delta716) mice. Thus, we propose that the mTOR inhibitors may be efficacious for therapy and prevention of colonic adenomas and cancers with Wnt signaling activation.

PMID:
18768809
PMCID:
PMC2533226
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0800041105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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