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J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Oct 8;56(19):9022-9. doi: 10.1021/jf801535k. Epub 2008 Sep 4.

Effect of commercial mannoprotein addition on polysaccharide, polyphenolic, and color composition in red wines.

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  • 1Department of Agriculture and Food Science, University of La Rioja, C/ Madre de Dios 51, 26006 Logroño, La Rioja, Spain. zenaida.guadalupe@unirioja.es

Abstract

Commercially available mannoprotein preparations were tested in Tempranillo winemaking to determine their influence on polysaccharide, polyphenolic, and color composition. No effect was found in the content of grape arabinogalactans, homogalacturonans, and type II rhamnogalacturonans. In contrast, mannoprotein-treated samples showed considerably higher values of high-molecular-weight mannoproteins (bMP) than controls from the beginning of alcoholic fermentation, although these differences diminished as vinification progressed. The bMP decrease observed in the mannoprotein-treated samples coincided with a substantial reduction in their proanthocyanidin content and wine stable color, suggesting a precipitation of the coaggregates mannoprotein-tannin and mannoprotein-pigment. Contrary to what is widely described, these results revealed that at the studied conditions, mannoproteins did not act as stabilizing colloids. Mannoprotein addition did not modify the content and composition of either monomeric anthocyanins or other monomeric phenolics, and it did not affect monomeric anthocyanin color.

PMID:
18767857
DOI:
10.1021/jf801535k
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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