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Respir Physiol. 1991 May;84(2):273-85.

The effect of centrally administered adenosine on fetal breathing movements.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201-3098.


The central effects of the adenosine analogue L-2-N6-(phenylisopropyl) adenosine (L-PIA) on breathing movements was determined by making injections into the fourth ventricle in unanesthetized fetal sheep. Administration of 0.5 micrograms L-PIA reduced the percent time during which fetal breathing occurred from 48.0 +/- 5.2 (SEM) to 19.5 +/- 6.1. Inspiratory slope was reduced to 62 +/- 5.5 and to 43 +/- 5.7 percent of the control values when 0.2 and 0.5 micrograms L-PIA were given respectively. The effects of L-PIA on the percent time fetal breathing movements occurred and on inspiratory slope were prevented by the prior systemic administration of theophylline (plasma concentrations approximately 15 micrograms/ml). When the vehicle for L-PIA, dimethyl sulfoxide in Ringer solution was given into the fourth ventricle or when 0.5 micrograms L-PIA was given systemically, there was no effect on fetal breathing. None of these protocols resulted in a change in sagittal sinus blood pH, PO2 or, PCO2. These data indicate adenosine acts at the brain stem to depress fetal respiratory drive.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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