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Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2008 Dec;19(12):1683-6. doi: 10.1007/s00192-008-0712-x. Epub 2008 Sep 3.

Depression, abuse and its relationship to interstitial cystitis.

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  • 1Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cooper University Hospital, Voorhees, NJ, USA. hgoldstein@christianacare.org

Abstract

This study evaluated the prevalence of depression, sexual abuse, and physical abuse among women diagnosed with interstitial cystitis (IC). One hundred forty-one subjects completed the validated Beck's Depression Inventory II Questionnaire (BDI-II) and the validated Drossman Abuse Questionnaire. Ninety-seven (69%) subjects scored 14 or higher on the BDI-II, corresponding to depression. When compared to the US prevalence of 9%, this was significantly higher. Fifty-one subjects (36%) reported sexual abuse which is higher than the US average. The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse in the sample was not significantly different than the US average. The prevalence of physical abuse in the sample was not statistically different than the US average. Women with IC appear to have a higher prevalence of depression and sexual abuse than the general population. Women with IC should be screened for depression and abuse and referred to a mental health expert as necessary for treatment.

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