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J Environ Sci (China). 2008;20(6):690-5.

Effects of operational factors on soluble microbial products in a carrier anaerobic baffled reactor treating dilute wastewater.

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College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China.


The effects of feed strength, hydraulic residence time (HRT), and operational temperatures on soluble microbial product (SMP) production were investigated, to gain insights into the production mechanism. A carrier anaerobic baffled reactor (CABR) treating dilute wastewater was operated under a wide range of operational conditions, namely, feed strengths of 300-600 mg/L, HRTs of 9-18 h, and temperatures of 10-28 degrees C. Generally, SMP production increased with increasing feed strength and decreasing temperature. At high temperature (28 degrees C), SMP production increased with decreasing HRT. As the temperature was decreased to 18 and 10 degrees C, the SMP production was at its peak for 12 h HRT. Therefore, temperature could be an important determinant of SMP production along with HRT. A higher SMP to soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) ratio was found at high temperature and long HRT because of complete volatile fatty acid degradation. SMP accounted for 50%-75% of the SCOD in the last chamber of the CABR. As a secondary metabolite, some SMP could be consumed at lower feed strength.

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