Send to

Choose Destination
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2009;31(1):13-29. doi: 10.1080/08923970802331943.

Antioxidant therapy in multiple sclerosis.

Author information

Department of Immunology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in various events underlying multiple sclerosis pathology. In the initial phase of lesion formation, ROS are known to mediate the transendothelial migration of monocytes and induce a dysfunction in the blood-brain barrier. Although the pathogenesis of MS is not completely understood, various studies suggest that reactive oxygen species contribute to the formation and persistence of multiple sclerosis lesions by acting on distinct pathological processes. The detrimental effects of ROS in the central nervous system are endowed with a protective mechanism consisting of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant. Antioxidant therapy may therefore represent an attractive treatment of MS. Several studies have shown that antioxidant therapy is beneficial in vitro and in vivo in animal models for MS. Since oxidative damage has been known to be involved in inflammatory and autoimmune-mediated tissue destruction in which, modulation of oxygen free radical production represents a new approach to the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Several experimental studies have been performed to see whether dietary intake of several antioxidants can prevent and or reduce the progression of EAE or not. Although a few antioxidants showed some efficacy in these studies, little information is available on the effect of treatments with such compounds in patients with MS. In this review, our aim is to clarify the therapeutic efficacy of antioxidants in MS disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center