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Eval Program Plann. 2008 Nov;31(4):416-26. doi: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2008.07.001. Epub 2008 Jul 18.

Tracking residential outcomes of supported independent living programs for persons with serious mental illness.

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School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania, 3701 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6214, USA.


This study seeks to document patterns and reasons of leaving housing, and identify factors associated with different types of exits for a cohort of 452 residents with serious mental illness entering supported independent living (SIL) in Philadelphia, PA. The study cohort was tracked through an integrated administrative database comprised information on basic demographic and clinical characteristics, length of stay, homeless shelter use, and publicly funded behavioral health services use. A convenience sample of 46 SIL leavers and their support staff provided data on scenarios of leaving. The findings of this study suggest that departure from SIL is not a unitary phenomenon, but involving plausibly favorable as well as unfavorable circumstances. Multivariate analysis based on administrative tracking data suggests demographic and clinical factors, housing setting, and service use factors to have effects on leaving SIL and distinct types of exit examined in this study. Data procured from the convenience sample highlight the potential roles that program rules and resident-staff relationships play in affecting housing tenure. Implications of the findings for the development of permanent supportive housing for persons with serious mental illness are discussed.

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