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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Oct;122(4):795-802. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2008.07.023. Epub 2008 Aug 28.

Myosin light chain is a novel shrimp allergen, Lit v 3.

Author information

1
Division of Allergy and Immunology and the Jaffe Food Allergy Research Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. rosalia.ayuso@mssm.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Shellfish allergy is a prevalent, long-lasting disorder usually persisting throughout life. Few options are available for treatment, and avoidance is the only therapy recommended.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to identify relevant crustacean allergens for use as diagnostic and safe immunotherapeutic agents for subjects with shellfish allergy.

METHODS:

Thirty-eight patients were selected with immediate allergic reactions to shrimp and increased shrimp-specific serum IgE levels. One-dimensional and 2-dimensional electrophoresis of shrimp extracts were followed by IgE immunoblotting. Protein identification was done with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry and Edman sequencing. A cDNA library was generated from white pacific shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and screened with primers designed on the basis of internal sequences obtained from 2-dimensional tryptic digests. Full-length cDNA clones were isolated from the library and sequenced. Recombinant protein was expressed and tested with sera from patients with shrimp allergy.

RESULTS:

Immunoblotting demonstrated IgE binding to a 20-kDa shrimp protein by 21 (55%) of 38 sera. Tryptic digestion of the protein followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometric analysis and Edman sequencing identified it as a myosin light chain (MLC). Screening of the shrimp cDNA library resulted in isolation of a novel protein cDNA. Open reading frame translation provided the amino acid sequence of a new allergenic shrimp protein with high similarity to Bla g 8 (cockroach MLC). Recombinant protein was recognized by 17 patients, confirming the allergenicity of shrimp MLC.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have identified and cloned a new major shrimp allergen, Lit v 3.0101, an MLC protein.

PMID:
18760458
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2008.07.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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