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Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E6.

Surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy associated with focal cortical dysplasia.

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1
Calgary Epilepsy Programme, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are congenital malformations of cortical development that are a frequent cause of refractory epilepsy in both children and adults. With advances in structural and functional neuroimaging, these lesions are increasingly being identified as a cause of intractable epilepsy in patients undergoing surgical management for intractable epilepsy. Comprehensive histological classification of FCDs with the establishment of uniform terminology and reproducible pathological features has aided in our understanding of FCDs as an epilepsy substrate. Complete resection of FCDs and the associated epileptogenic zone can result in a good surgical outcome in the majority of patients.

PMID:
18759630
DOI:
10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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