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Mov Disord. 2008 Dec 15;23(16):2344-8. doi: 10.1002/mds.22262.

Mutation analyses in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism-dementia complex of the Kii peninsula, Japan.

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Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


To clarify the genetic background of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/parkinsonism-dementia complex (PDC) of the Kii peninsula, Japan (Kii ALS/PDC), we performed extended mutation analyses of three patients with pathologically diagnosed Kii ALS/PDC. Direct sequencing analyses were performed in 19 genes, including ALS/frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD)-related genes (SOD2, SOD3, ALS2/alsin, SMN1, PGRN, ANG, VEGF, VCP, VAPB, DCTN1, CHMP2B, and TARDBP or TDP-43), tauopathy-related gene (GSK3beta), and parkinsonism-related genes (alpha-synuclein, LRRK2, parkin, DJ-1, PINK1, and ATP13A2). Gene dosage analyses were conducted in screening of MAPT, alpha-synuclein, TDP-43 (or TARDBP), GSK3beta, and parkin. We found no mutation in the 19 genes. We found a homozygous nonsynonymous SNP (ALS2/alsin V368M) shared by all the three patients. Gene dosage was normal in MAPT, alpha-synuclein, TDP-43, GSK3beta, and parkin. The present findings, together with a previous negative study on MAPT and SOD1 mutation, further elucidated the lack of causative mutations in all exons, exon-intron boundaries, or some rearrangements of the reported major causative or susceptible genes related to ALS, FTLD, parkinsonism, synucleinopathy, TDP-43 proteinopathy, and tauopathy. However, the familial aggregation and lack of any environment factors suggest that Kii ALS/PDC is caused by other yet unidentified genetic factors.

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