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J Clin Gastroenterol. 2009 Apr;43(4):323-6. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31818a386e.

Control of 24-hour intragastric acidity with morning dosing of immediate-release and delayed-release proton pump inhibitors in patients with GERD.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL60611, USA. c-howden@northwestern.edu

Abstract

GOALS:

To compare the effects of immediate-release omeprazole and 2 different delayed-release proton pump inhibitors on 24-hour intragastric acidity in gastroesophageal reflux disease patients.

BACKGROUND:

Because of its unique pharmacokinetic properties, immediate-release omeprazole does not need to be dosed before a meal to control intragastric acidity. Previous studies showed effectiveness of immediate-release omeprazole in controlling nocturnal intragastric acidity with bedtime dosing. This is the first study to compare the effects of prebreakfast dosing of immediate-release omeprazole and delayed-release lansoprazole and pantoprazole on 24-hour intragastric acidity.

AIM:

To compare the effects of prebreakfast dosing of immediate-release omeprazole 40 mg capsules, lansoprazole 30 mg capsules, and pantoprazole 40 mg tablets on 24-hour intragastric acidity.

METHODS:

Fifty-five patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease received 7 consecutive once-daily morning doses of each drug in this open-label, randomized, 3-period crossover study. On day 7, intragastric pH was recorded for 24 hours.

RESULTS:

After 7 days, the percentage of time with intragastric pH >4 over 24 hours was 59.7% (14.3 hours) with immediate-release omeprazole, 48.8% (11.7 hours) with lansoprazole (P=0.005), and 41.8% (10.0 hours) with pantoprazole (P<0.001). Median intragastric pH was significantly higher with immediate-release omeprazole than with lansoprazole (P=0.003) or pantoprazole (P<0.001). All drugs were well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

When dosed in the morning, immediate-release omeprazole provided significantly better control of 24-hour intragastric acidity than lansoprazole and pantoprazole.

PMID:
18758373
DOI:
10.1097/MCG.0b013e31818a386e
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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