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FEBS J. 2008 Oct;275(19):4796-809. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2008.06619.x. Epub 2008 Aug 27.

Apolipoprotein E predisposes to obesity and related metabolic dysfunctions in mice.

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1
Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, USA.

Abstract

Obesity is a central feature of the metabolic syndrome and is associated with increased risk for insulin resistance and typeII diabetes. Here, we investigated the contribution of human apoliproteinE3 and mouse apoliproteinE to the development of diet-induced obesity in response to western-type diet. Our data show that apolipoproteinE contributes to the development of obesity and other related metabolic disorders, and that human apolipoproteinE3 is more potent than mouse apolipoproteinE in promoting obesity in response to western-type diet. Specifically, we found that apolipoproteinE3 knock-in mice fed western-type diet for 24 weeks became obese and developed hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperleptinemia, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance that were more severe than in C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, apolipoproteinE-deficient mice fed western-type diet for the same period were resistant to diet-induced obesity, had normal plasma glucose, leptin and insulin levels, and exhibited normal responses to glucose tolerance and insulin resistance tests. Furthermore, low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were more sensitive to the development of diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance than apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, but were still more resistant than C57BL/6 mice, raising the possibility that low-density lipoprotein receptor mediates, at least in part, the effects of apolipoproteinE on obesity. Taken together, our findings suggest that, in addition to other previously identified mechanisms of obesity, apolipoproteinE and possibly the chylomicron pathway are also important contributors to the development of obesity and related metabolic dysfunctions in mice.

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