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Poult Sci. 2008 Sep;87(9):1874-82. doi: 10.3382/ps.2007-00417.

Different contamination patterns of lineage I and II strains of Listeria monocytogenes in a Spanish broiler abattoir.

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1
Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7'5, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetically similar or diverse strains of Listeria monocytogenes colonize the environment and carcasses in a single Spanish broiler abattoir over time. The study was composed of 5 surveys over a 1.5-yr period and included the monitoring of cleaning and disinfection procedures. Overall, a total of 212 samples were tested for the presence of L. monocytogenes, and 31% of the samples were found to be positive. Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from carcasses and product contact and noncontact sites in the evisceration and carcass classification areas of the abattoir. A total of 132 L. monocytogenes isolates were characterized by PCR-based serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) restriction analysis with the endonucleases ApaI and AscI. Molecular serotyping showed that L. monocytogenes isolates were of serotypes 1/2a and 1/2b. Isolates of serotype 1/2b (89.4%) were contaminating carcasses as well as environmental product contact and noncontact sites, whereas isolates of serotype 1/2a (10.6%) were recovered only from environmental product noncontact sites. A relatively low genetic diversity was found in this group of L. monocytogenes isolates from the abbatoir; only 14 different PFGE types (A1 to A14) were obtained. Nine pulsotypes belonging to serotype 1/2b (lineage I) were grouped in only one PFGE genetic cluster, whereas 5 pulsotypes belonging to serotype 1/2a (lineage II) were grouped into 4 PFGE genetic clusters. Two genetically related pulsotypes of serotype 1/2b (A1 and A2, 64.4% of the isolates) predominated and persisted in the abattoir. Our study indicated that a few strains of L. monocytogenes lineage I that were genetically very closely related might be specifically adapted to colonizing the evisceration zone of the abattoir and were predominant on carcasses over 1 yr. On the other hand, a genetically diverse group of lineage II strains were present in the abattoir environment, but never contaminated carcasses.

PMID:
18753457
DOI:
10.3382/ps.2007-00417
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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