Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Public Health Nutr. 2009 Feb;12(2):236-43. doi: 10.1017/S136898000800356X. Epub 2008 Aug 27.

Use of a questionnaire to assess vitamin D status in young adults.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI, USA. Jbolek-berquist@uwealth.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We hypothesized that young adults would commonly have vitamin D deficiency and that a questionnaire could help identify subjects with the condition.

DESIGN:

Between January and May 2004, we administered a questionnaire to a convenience sample of young adults. We measured each participant's serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) using a chemiluminescent assay and defined deficiency as serum 25(OH)D < 16 ng/ml.

SETTING AND SUBJECTS:

We recruited young adults living in Madison, Wisconsin without pre-existing conditions affecting vitamin D and/or Ca metabolism.

RESULTS:

One hundred and eighty-four adults (mean age 24 years, 53 % women, 90 % Caucasian) participated in the study. Nearly three in four adults (71 %) had 25(OH)D level <30 ng/ml and 26 % were vitamin D-deficient. In multivariate analysis, persons reporting a suntan (OR = 0.24, 95 % CI 0.09, 0.63, P = 0.004), tanning booth use (OR = 0.09, 95 % CI 0.02, 0.43, P = 0.002) and daily ingestion of two or more servings of milk (OR = 0.21, 95 % CI 0.09, 0.48, P < 0.001) were less likely to be deficient. These three questions provided a sensitivity and specificity of 79 % and 78 %, respectively, for the presence of deficiency.

CONCLUSIONS:

The questionnaire is moderately useful to identify young adults likely to be vitamin D-deficient. Additional revisions of the questionnaire may improve its ability to predict vitamin D deficiency.

PMID:
18752694
PMCID:
PMC2865138
DOI:
10.1017/S136898000800356X
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Cambridge University Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center