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Pflugers Arch. 2009 Mar;457(5):1071-8. doi: 10.1007/s00424-008-0577-3. Epub 2008 Aug 28.

Regulation of Cl(-) secretion by AMPK in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of Regensburg, Germany.

Abstract

Previous in vitro studies suggested that Cl(-) currents produced by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR; ABCC7) are inhibited by the alpha1 isoform of the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-stimulated kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a serine/threonine kinase that is activated during metabolic stress. It has been proposed as a potential mediator for transport-metabolism coupling in epithelial tissues. All previous studies have been performed in vitro and thus little is known about the regulation of Cl(-) secretion by AMPK in vivo. Using AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice and wild-type littermates, we demonstrate that phenformin, an activator of AMPK, strongly inhibits cAMP-activated Cl(-) secretion in mouse airways and colon, when examined in ex vivo in Ussing chamber recordings. However, phenformin was equally effective in AMPKalpha1(-/-) and wild-type animals, suggesting additional AMPK-independent action of phenformin. Phenformin inhibited CFTR Cl(-) conductance in basolaterally permeabilized colonic epithelium from AMPKalpha1(+/+) but not AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice. The inhibitor of AMPK compound C enhanced CFTR-mediated Cl(-) secretion in epithelial tissues of AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice, but not in wild-type littermates. There was no effect on Ca(2+)-mediated Cl(-) secretion, activated by adenosine triphosphate or carbachol. Moreover CFTR-dependent Cl(-) secretion was enhanced in the colon of AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice, as indicated in Ussing chamber ex vivo and rectal PD measurements in vivo. Taken together, these data suggest that epithelial Cl(-) secretion mediated by CFTR is controlled by AMPK in vivo.

PMID:
18752001
DOI:
10.1007/s00424-008-0577-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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