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Subcell Biochem. 2008;49:269-97. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8831-5_10.

Lysophospholipid activation of G protein-coupled receptors.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Helen L. Dorris Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Disorder Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd., ICND-118, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

One of the major lipid biology discoveries in last decade was the broad range of physiological activities of lysophospholipids that have been attributed to the actions of lysophospholipid receptors. The most well characterized lysophospholipids are lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Documented cellular effects of these lipid mediators include growth-factor-like effects on cells, such as proliferation, survival, migration, adhesion, and differentiation. The mechanisms for these actions are attributed to a growing family of 7-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Their pathophysiological actions include immune modulation, neuropathic pain modulation, platelet aggregation, wound healing, vasopressor activity, and angiogenesis. Here we provide a brief introduction to receptor-mediated lysophospholipid signaling and physiology, and then discuss potential therapeutic roles in human diseases.

PMID:
18751915
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4020-8831-5_10
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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