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Genetika. 1991 Feb;27(2):252-62.

[Synapsis and chiasma distribution in mice heterozygous for translocations in chromosomes 16 and 17].

[Article in Russian]


Electron microscopic analysis of synaptonemal complexes and analysis of chiasmata distribution in male mice heterozygous for Robertsonian translocation T(16; 17)7Bnr - (Rb7), for synaptonemal reciprocal translocation T(16;17)43H - (T43), in double heterozygotes for these translocations and in males with partial trisomy of the proximal region of chromosome 17 was carried out. Synaptic disturbances around the breakpoints of the translocations, such as asynapsis of homologous regions of partners and non-homologous synapsis of centromeric regions of acrocentric chromosomes, were revealed. Synaptic regularity in the proximal part of the chromosome 17 appeared to be affected by no t12 haplotype. Good coincidence between sizes of mitotic chromosomes and corresponding lateral elements of synaptonemal complexes was found for all chromosomes, with the exception of Rb7 in trisomics. In the latter karyotype, the proximal part of chromosome 17 involved in Robertsonian fusion seems to be shortened in the course of zygotene and never synapted with homologous segment of neither the acrocentric chromosome 17 nor large product of reciprocal translocation. Drastic increase in chiasmata frequency in the proximal part of chromosome 17 was revealed in heterozygotes for T43H and in trisomics, as compared with the double heterozygotes Rb7/T43. The latter finding was explained by the existence of two independent pairing segments in the former karyotypes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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