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Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2008 Feb;4(1):81-91.

Depression in Parkinson's disease: health risks, etiology, and treatment options.

Author information

1
Leir Parkinson's Disease Program, The Jewish Home and Hospital Lifecare System New York, NY, USA. pfrisina@jhha.org

Abstract

Depression is found in about 30%-40% of all patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but only a small percentage (about 20%) receive treatment. As a consequence, many PD patients suffer with reduced health-related quality of life. To address quality of life in depressed PD patients, we reviewed the literature on the health correlates of depression in PD (eg, cognitive function), etiology of depression in PD, and treatment options (ie, antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy). The current review is unique in its focus on psychosocial aspects, as well as neuropathological factors, of depression in PD. Overall, we conclude that neurochemical (eg, serotonin) and psychosocial factors (eg, coping style, self-esteem, and social support) contribute to the affective disturbances found in this neuropsychiatric population. Therefore, we recommend that a multidisciplinary (eg, pharmacotherapeutic, psychoeducational, and/or psychotherapeutic) approach to treatment be taken with depressed PD patients.

KEYWORDS:

Parkinson’s disease; depression; health outcomes; treatment options

PMID:
18728814
PMCID:
PMC2515908
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