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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Aug 15;178(3):1273-9.

Photoisomerization of retinal at 13-ene is important for phototaxis of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: simultaneous measurements of phototactic and photophobic responses.

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Suntory Institute for Bioorganic Research, Osaka, Japan.


A real-time automated method was developed for simultaneous measurements of phototactic orientation (phototaxis) and step-up photophobic response of flagellated microorganisms. Addition of all-trans retinal restored both photoresponses in a carotenoid-deficient mutant strain of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in a dose-dependent manner. The phototactic orientation was biphasic with respect to both the light intensity and the concentration of retinal. All-trans retinal was more effective than 11-cis retinal to regenerate both photobehavioral responses. Analogs having locked 11-cis configurations and a phenyl ring in the side chain also induced photoresponses, although at concentrations more than two orders of magnitude higher than all-trans retinal. According to the present assay method, the responses were hardly detectable in cells incubated with retinal analogs in which the 13-ene was locked in either its trans or cis configuration. The results strongly suggest that the isomerization of the 13-14 double bond is important for photobehavioral signal transduction and that a single retinal-dependent photoreceptor controls both phototactic and photophobic responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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